UNIVERSITY OF MAINE AT FARMINGTON
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, HEALTH AND REHABILITATION
LESSON PLAN FORMAT


Teacher’s Name: Mr. Kyle Rines Date of Lesson: Application - 5
Grade Level: 9 - Diploma Topic: Narrative Writing



Objectives

Students will understand that effective transitions are essential to good narrative writing, and writing in general. Students will know how to use transitions in their writing. Students will create an XtraNormal that plays a dialogue between two characters. Students will be able to use effective transitions in their writing as well as be knowledgeable about many different transitional phrases.

Maine Learning Results Alignment


Maine Learning Results - English Language Arts A. Reading
B2 Narrative Writing
Grades 9 - Diploma
Students embed narrative writing in a written text when appropriate to the audience and purpose.
Rationale: Students will be able to use effective transitions in their writing as well as be knowledgeable about many different transitional phrases.


Assessment

Formative (Assessment for Learning)
The students will be using the One Minute Paper method to reflect on what they have learned and with the completion of the One Minute Paper as well as the Venn Diagram that maps out the transitions used in the XtraNormal presentation.

Summative (Assessment of Learning)
Students will create an XtraNormal that illustrates their good use of effective transitions. The XtraNormal will be the final project for this lesson and will be shown to the class. Students will be evaluated with a rubric for the XtraNormal.

Integration
Technology: XtraNormal presentations are a good Type II technology and they will assess the students use of effective transitions.
Drama: The XtraNormal presentations will be acted out by characters, and that will have some influence on how creative the students are.


Groupings

Cooperative Learning Method - The One Minute Paper will be used to see what the students have learned about effective transitions.



Differentiated Instruction

Strategies
Verbal-Linguistic - The Venn Diagram can be used as verbal because students must recreate the transitions and transitional phrases used in the XtraNormal.
Visual/Spatial - The XtraNormal and Venn Diagrams are definitely visual/spatial.
Bodily/Kinesthetic - Presenting the XtraNormal to the class can be defined as kinesthetic because of the movement in front of class.
Musical/Rhythmic - Adding text to the XtraNormal makes the characters talk.
Intrapersonal - Venn Diagram completion as well as creating the XtraNormal and finishing the formative assessment One Minute Paper.
Interpersonal - Sharing Venn Diagrams to see whether or not transitions and transitional phrases were used in your XtraNormal. Proof through One Minute Paper.



Modifications/Accommodations
( I will review student’s IEP, 504 or ELLIDEP and make appropriate modifications and accommodations.)



Extensions
Technology: The use of the XtraNormal online tool will be an extension.

Absent: If a student is absent, they will meet with me and we will arrange for that student to complete the assignment at a determined time.

Materials, Resources and Technology

  • Laptop
  • Internet
  • Paper and Pen
  • Venn Diagram




Source for Lesson Plan and Research

http://www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizer/ - The source for the Venn Diagram Graphic Organizer
http://edtech.kennesaw.edu/intech/cooperativelearning.htm#activities - The source for the One Minute Paper Cooperative Learning Method.
http://www.xtranormal.com/ - XtraNormal Website



Maine Standards for Initial Teacher Certification and Rationale


Standard 3 - Demonstrates a knowledge of the diverse ways in which students learn and develop by providing learning opportunities that support their intellectual, physical, emotional, social, and cultural development.
Rationale: The beach ball learners will benefit from this lesson from having a lot of choices for the XtraNormal. The students can basically choose anything that they wish to create their online skits, as long as they demonstrate good use of effective transitions. The clipboard learners will benefit from the organized learning from the graphic organizers and organizing their ideas into the graphic organizers on effective transitions. The microscope learners will benefit from this lesson by the One Minute Paper and graphic organizers because they can choose the right uses of effective transitions. Finally, the puppy learners will benefit from the closed groups and partner work in this lesson. The more people they can collaborate with, the better.



Standard 4 - Plans instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, curriculum goals, and learning and development theory.
Rationale: Students will understand that effective transitions are essential to good narrative writing, and writing in general. Transitions are a very important aspect of writing. A paper with poor or no transitions will result in a badly constructed paper. Learning how to transition from one idea to the next is an important aspect of writing. Students will know how to use transitions in their writing. Students will create an XtraNormal that plays a dialogue between two characters. Then students will get present their XtraNormals to class and students will evaluate their uses of transitional words by using a Venn Diagram (each side of the diagram for one of the characters in the presentation). Finally, students will use the One Minute Paper method to illustrate their knowledge and use of transitions and transitional phrases.

Maine Learning Results - English Language Arts A. Reading
B2 Narrative Writing
Grades 9 - Diploma
Students embed narrative writing in a written text when appropriate to the audience and purpose.



Standard 5 - Understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies and appropriate technology to meet students’ needs.
Rationale:
Verbal-Linguistic - The Venn Diagram can be used as verbal because students must recreate the transitions and transitional phrases used in the XtraNormal.
Visual/Spatial - The XtraNormal and Venn Diagrams are definitely visual/spatial.
Bodily/Kinesthetic - Presenting the XtraNormal to the class can be defined as kinesthetic because of the movement in front of class.
Musical/Rhythmic - Adding text to the XtraNormal makes the characters talk.
Intrapersonal - Venn Diagram completion as well as creating the XtraNormal and finishing the formative assessment One Minute Paper.
Interpersonal - Sharing Venn Diagrams to see whether or not transitions and transitional phrases were used in your XtraNormal. Proof through One Minute Paper.


I use a Type II application with the XtraNormal activity.




Standard 8 - Understands and uses a variety of formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and support the development of the learner.
Rationale:
The students will be using the One Minute Paper method to reflect on what they have learned and with the completion of the One Minute Paper as well as the Venn Diagram that maps out the transitions used in the XtraNormal presentation. Students will create an XtraNormal that illustrates their good use of effective transitions. The XtraNormal will be the final project for this lesson and will be shown to the class. Students will be evaluated with a rubric for the XtraNormal.




Teaching and Learning Sequence


My classroom will be set up in tables where 3-4 students can sit together. This will be helpful when the students do the One Minute paper, share ideas for the XtraNormal and complete the graphic organizers

Day 1:
(10 minutes) Introduce everyone to the lesson and perform the hook.
(15 minutes) Students will be handed out the graphic organizer Venn Diagram to fill out and identify the uses of effective transitions in the Glogster
(10 minutes) Students will then do the One Minute Paper where they reflect on what they found in the Glogster and come up with ideas for creating their own XtraNormal.
(5 minutes) Students can find a partner to work with, if they so choose.
(40 minutes) Students will begin brainstorming for their skit and will begin working on it. It is due next class.

Day 2:
(5 minutes) Introduce the class and take attendance, etc. Start presenting XtraNormals.
(75 minutes) Present XtraNormal skits to the class.


Students will understand that effective transitions are essential to good narrative writing, and writing in general. Transitions are a very important aspect of writing. A paper with poor or no transitions will result in a badly constructed paper. Learning how to transition from one idea to the next is an important aspect of writing. Students embed narrative writing in a written text when appropriate to the audience and purpose. I will create a Glogster of all sort of different words that can be used when transitioning within paragraphs or beginning new paragraphs.
Where, Why, What, Hook, Tailors: Verbal, Visual, Interpersonal, Logical

Students will know how to use transitions in their writing. Students will create an XtraNormal that plays a dialogue between two characters. Then students will get present their XtraNormals to class and students will evaluate their uses of transitional words by using a Venn Diagram (each side of the diagram for one of the characters in the presentation). Finally, students will use the One Minute Paper method to illustrate their knowledge and use of transitions and transitional phrases. Students will be able to rethink their XtraNormals when the Venn Diagrams are completed, comparing what transitions were used and which ones should be added.
Equip, Explore Rethink, Revise Tailors: Visual, Verbal, Logical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal


Then students will get present their XtraNormals to class and students will evaluate their uses of transitional words by using a Venn Diagram (each side of the diagram for one of the characters in the presentation). Finally, students will use the One Minute Paper method to illustrate their knowledge and use of transitions and transitional phrases. Students will be able to rethink their XtraNormals when the Venn Diagrams are completed, comparing what transitions were used and which ones should be added. Then students will be able to revise and refine their work using the One Minute Paper. This will give proof of how the student comprehended the knowledge of transitions and whether or not it can be applied in their own writing.
Explore, Experience, Rethink, Revise, Refine, Tailors: Visual, Logical, Verbal, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal

Students will be able to self-assess with teacher feedback on their One Minute Papers and Venn Diagrams. Also, a rubric will be provided that will cover what needs to be in their XtraNormal skits. This rubric will serve as a tool for them to make sure they have covered everything and have completely covered all criteria for the XtraNormal.
Evaluate, Tailors: Verbal, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal




Content Notes
Transitions are used to:
  • Introduce an idea:
    First, readers will know this is the first idea.
  • Introduce examples:
    For example, this is a transition.
  • Indicate a contrast:
    However, be sure your transitions accurately show how ideas relate to one another.
  • Prepare readers for more information about the same idea:
    In addition, transitions connect sentences to one another. Words such as "and," "or," "nor," "but," "so," "for," "yet" link sentences together.
  • Indicate a conclusion:
    Finally, readers will know this is the last idea.


Handouts